What are the advantages of a 529 college savings plan?
Tax-deferral can have a dramatic affect on the growth of an investment. With a state-sponsored 529 College Savings Plan your contributions can grow tax-deferred (some states allow contributions to be partially or completely deductible) and distributed income tax-free as long as distributions are used for qualified education expenses such as tuition, fees, room and board at higher education institutions.
There is no limit on contributions but some states tend to limit contributions once the plan assets have reached a defined maximum (typically $230,000 - $500,000). Under a special election, you may make contributions of up to $75,000 per beneficiary in a single year without triggering a federal gift tax by accelerating five years' worth of contributions (gifts) as of 2018. Married couples may contribute $150,000 per beneficiary in a single year.*
Assets are professionally managed by fund managers selected by the state. Participants can choose from two to almost 30 mutual fund-type investments. Control of the account remains with the contributor regardless of the age of the beneficiary.
* A $75,000 gift is viewed as an accelerated gift over five years. Any other gifts to the same beneficiary by the contributor within five years may result in a federal gift-tax liability. If the contributor dies within the five-year period, a prorated portion of the contribution may be included in his or her taxable estate for federal estate tax purposes.
Qualified State Tuition Plans (529 Plans)
Many states have pre-paid tuition programs allowing families to save for a student's higher education. These plans qualify for special tax treatment if the funds are used for qualified expenses at a post-secondary school that meets US Department of Education standards for student aid eligibility. These plans are generally referred to as 529 plans for the tax code section that describes how they are treated for tax purposes. States offering such plans may also give favorable tax treatment for contributions, interest, dividends, and distributions from these plans. State tuition plans fall into two categories: pre-paid tuition plans and accumulation plans.
Pre-paid tuition plans allow participants to buy tomorrow's education at today's prices. They may be purchased with a single lump sum or a series of payments. The state guarantees that the pre-payments will cover the future cost of education at the state college. If the student chooses not to attend the state college, the state will make available the amount of money equivalent to the cost of the state education at maturity.Click here for full article
- Initial investment amountThe existing fund balance or initial contribution, if any, into your 529 plan.
- Annual savings amount:The annual savings amount you plan to set aside in the 529 plan.
- Number of years contributions are made:The number of years you plan to make contributions to the 529 plan.
- Before-tax return on savingsThe return you anticipate to receive on your college savings accounts.
- Marginal tax bracketUnlike the tax-deferred 529 plan, enter the tax rate you would pay on any earnings in an alternative taxable college savings account. This rate will be used for comparison purposes.
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